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Cancer Res. 2004 Nov 15;64(22):8222-30.

Inhibition of melanoma growth and metastasis by ATF2-derived peptides.

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  • 1Department of Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA.

Abstract

The resistance of melanoma to apoptosis, as well as its growth and metastasis capabilities, can be overcome by expression of a peptide derived from amino acid (aa) 51 to 100 of ATF2. Here we show that expression of ATF2((51-100)) in human melanoma cells reduced their growth in nude mice, which was additionally inhibited upon treatment with protein kinase inhibitors UCN-01 or SB203580. Injection of a fusion protein consisting of HIV-TAT and aa 51 to 100 of ATF2 into SW1 melanomas efficiently inhibits their growth and their metastasis up to complete regression. Additionally, expression of a 10aa peptide that corresponds to aa 51 to 60 of ATF2 sensitizes melanoma cells to spontaneous apoptosis, which coincides with activation of caspase 9 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, and inhibit their growth in vivo. The 10aa peptide increases the association of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase with c-Jun but not with ATF2, resulting in concomitant increase in TRE-mediated transcription. Our study points to mechanisms underlying the activities of the ATF2 peptide while highlighting its possible use in drug design.

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