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Appl Opt. 2004 Nov 1;43(31):5806-13.

Integral imaging with improved depth of field by use of amplitude-modulated microlens arrays.

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  • 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-1157, USA.


One of the main challenges in three-dimensional integral imaging is its limited depth of field. Such a limitation is imposed by diffraction, among other factors. The easiest way to improve the depth of field is by reducing the numerical aperture of the microlenses. However, such an improvement is obtained at the expense of an important deterioration in the spatial resolution. We propose a technique, which is novel in the context of integral imaging, for improving the depth of field with no deterioration of the spatial resolution. The technique, based on amplitude modulation of the array of phase elements, can substantially improve the figure of merit of the product of depth of the focus and the squared resolution.

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