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Endocrinology. 2005 Feb;146(2):879-88. Epub 2004 Nov 11.

Intravenous infusion of peptide YY(3-36) potently inhibits food intake in rats.

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  • 1Department of Veterans Affairs-Nebraska Western Iowa Health Care System (151), 4101 Woolworth Avenue, Omaha, Nebraska 68105, USA.

Abstract

Peptide YY (3-36) [PYY (3-36)] is postulated to act as a hormonal signal from the gut to the brain to inhibit food intake and gastric emptying. A mixed-nutrient meal produces a prolonged 2-3 h increase in plasma levels of both PYY (3-36) and PYY (1-36). We determined the dose-dependent effects of 3-h iv infusions of PYY (3-36) and PYY (1-36) (0.5-50 pmol.kg(-1).min(-1)) at dark onset on food intake in non-food-deprived rats. PYY (3-36) dose-dependently inhibited food intake: the minimal effective dose was 5 pmol.kg(-1).min(-1); the estimated potency (mean effective dose) and efficacy (maximal percent inhibition) were 15 pmol.kg(-1).min(-1) (2.6 nmol/kg) and 47%, respectively. PYY (1-36) was an order of magnitude less potent than PYY (3-36). Similar total doses of PYY (3-36) (0.9-30 nmol/kg) infused during the 15-min period just before dark onset also dose-dependently inhibited food intake, albeit with a lower potency and efficacy. Other experiments showed that PYY (3-36) inhibited food intake in sham-feeding rats and was more effective in reducing intake of a mixed-nutrient liquid diet than 15% aqueous sucrose. We conclude that: 1) iv infusions of PYY (3-36), which are more likely than ip injections to mimic postprandial increases in plasma PYY (3-36), potently inhibit food intake in a dose-dependent manner; 2) PYY (1-36) is an order of magnitude less potent than PYY (3-36); and 3) PYY (3-36) can inhibit food intake independently of its action to inhibit gastric emptying. It remains to be determined whether iv doses of PYY (3-36) that reproduce postprandial increases in plasma PYY (3-36) are sufficient to inhibit food intake.

PMID:
15539554
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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