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Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2004 Dec;30(12):1511-23.

Interference and facilitation among personal goals: differential associations with subjective well-being and persistent goal pursuit.

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  • 1Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany. riediger@mpib-berlin.mpg.de


Three studies demonstrate that mutual facilitation and interference among personal goals are distinct characteristics rather than mutually exclusive opposites and have different functions for psychological well-being and goal pursuit. The three studies vary in design (cross-sectional, short-termlongitudinal) and follow a multimethod approach using questionnaires, diaries, and objective behavioral information. Results show that interference among goals (resulting from resource constraints and incompatible goal attainment strategies) is negatively associated with trait and state well-being, whereas mutual facilitation among goals (resulting from instrumental goal relations and overlapping goal attainment strategies) is positively associated with involvement in goal pursuit.

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