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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Nov;(428):12-25.

Patella resurfacing versus nonresurfacing in total knee arthroplasty: results of a randomized controlled clinical trial at a minimum of 10 years' followup.

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  • 1Division of Orthopedic Surgery, London Health Sciences Center University Campus, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Patellar resurfacing in total knee arthroplasty remains controversial. This study evaluates the results of resurfacing and nonresurfacing the patella in a randomized controlled, clinical trial at a minimum of 10 years followup. One hundred knees (90 patients) with osteoarthritis were enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial using a posterior-cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty. Patients were randomized to receive resurfacing or retention of the patella. Evaluations were done preoperatively and yearly, up to a minimum of 10 years (range, 10.1-11.5 years) postoperatively. Disease-specific (Knee Society clinical rating score) and functional (stair climbing, flexion/extension torques, patellar examination) outcomes were measured. Patient satisfaction, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral questionnaires were completed. Intraoperative grading of the articular cartilage was done. No patients were lost to followup; 45 patients remained alive. Nine revisions (in nine of 90 knees; 10%) were done in seven patients in the nonresurfaced group (15% of knees) and in two patients in the resurfaced group (5% of knees). No significant difference was found between the groups regarding revision rates, Knee Society clinical rating scores, and functional, patient satisfaction, anterior knee pain, patellofemoral, and radiographic outcomes. Intraoperative cartilage quality was not a predictor of outcome. This study currently is the longest followup of a randomized controlled, clinical trial that examines patellar resurfacing in total knee arthroplasty. The results showed no significant difference between the groups for all outcome measures at a minimum of 10 years of followup.

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PMID:
15534514
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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