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Biophys J. 2005 Feb;88(2):1056-69. Epub 2004 Nov 5.

Modulation of mammalian inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor isoforms by calcium: a role of calcium sensor region.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.

Abstract

In the accompanying article, we compared main functional properties of the three mammalian inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (InsP3R) isoforms. In this article we focused on modulation of mammalian InsP3R isoforms by cytosolic Ca2+. We found that: 1), when recorded in the presence of 2 microM InsP3 and 0.5 mM ATP all three mammalian InsP3R isoforms display bell-shaped Ca2+ dependence in physiological range of Ca2+ concentrations (pCa 8-5); 2), in the same experimental conditions InsP3R3 is most sensitive to modulation by Ca2+ (peak at 107 nM Ca2+), followed by InsP3R2 (peak at 154 nM Ca2+), and then by InsP3R1 (peak at 257 nM Ca2+); 3), increase in ATP concentration to 5 mM had no significant effect of Ca2+ dependence of InsP3R1 and InsP3R2; 4), increase in ATP concentration to 5 mM converted Ca2+ dependence of InsP3R3 from "narrow" shape to "square" shape; 5), ATP-induced change in the shape of InsP3R3 Ca2+ dependence was mainly due to an >200-fold reduction in the apparent affinity of the Ca2+-inhibitory site; 6), the apparent Ca2+ affinity of the Ca2+ sensor region (Cas) determined in biochemical experiments is equal to 0.23 microM Ca2+ for RT1-Cas, 0.16 microM Ca2+ for RT2-Cas, and 0.10 microM Ca2+ for RT3-Cas; and 7), Ca2+ sensitivity of InsP3R1 and InsP3R3 isoforms recorded in the presence of 2 microM InsP3 and 0.5 mM ATP or 2 microM InsP3 and 5 mM ATP can be exchanged by swapping their Cas regions. Obtained results provide novel information about functional properties of mammalian InsP3R isoforms and support the importance of the Ca2+ sensor region (Cas) in determining the sensitivity of InsP3R isoforms to modulation by Ca2+.

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