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Eur Heart J. 2004 Nov;25(21):1934-9.

Tissue Doppler imaging detects early asymptomatic myocardial abnormalities in a dog model of Duchenne's cardiomyopathy.

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  • 1INSERM E0001, Kremlin-BicĂȘtre, France. vchetboul@vet-alfort.fr

Abstract

AIMS:

Early diagnosis of Duchenne's dilated cardiomyopathy remains a challenge for conventional echocardiography. We sought to determine whether tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) could detect early alteration in myocardial function in a dog model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, i.e. the Golden Retriever Muscular Dystrophy (GRMD).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Myocardial function was assessed by TDI in 20 dogs with normal conventional parameters of systolic function (eight controls and 12 GRMD, 25+/-11 weeks) without knowledge of the genotype. M-mode TDI was recorded from a short-axis view for measurement of endocardial and epicardial velocities and myocardial velocity gradient (MVG) within the posterior wall. Controls and GRMD dogs were comparable regarding left ventricular fractional shortening (37+/-2 vs 42+/-3%, p=ns). Conversely, TDI showed, in all GRMD dogs, a dramatic decrease in systolic MVG (0.8+/-0.1 vs 2.9+/-0.3 s(-1), p<0.0001) and early diastolic MVG (2.3+/-2.2 vs 10.8+/-1.1 s(-1), p<0.0001). This MVG alteration was related to a significant decrease in endocardial velocities in GRMD whereas epicardial velocities were comparable in the two groups.

CONCLUSION:

These results show that TDI is more sensitive than conventional echocardiography in detecting pre-clinical myocardial abnormalities before occurrence of left ventricular dilation and dysfunction. TDI should be part of the screening techniques for the early diagnosis of cardiomyopathy.

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PMID:
15522473
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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