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J Mol Biol. 2004 Nov 19;344(2):317-23.

Crystal structure of human coactosin-like protein.

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  • 1National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Human coactosin-like protein is an actin filament binding protein but does not bind to globular actin. It associates with 5-Lipoxygenase both in vivo and in vitro, playing important roles in modulating the activities of actin and 5-Lipoxygenase. Coactosin counteracts the capping activity of capping protein which inhibits the actin polymerization. We determined the crystal structures of human coactosin-like protein by multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion method. The structure showed a high level of similarity to ADF-H domain, although their amino acid sequences share low degree of homology. A few conserved hydrophobic residues that may contribute to the folding were identified. This structure suggests coactosin-like protein bind to F-actin in a different way from ADF/Cofilin family. Combined with the information from previous mutagenesis studies, the binding sites for F-actin and 5-Lipoxygenase were analyzed, respectively. These two sites are quite close, which might prevent F-actin and 5-Lipoxygenase from binding to coactosin simultaneously.

PMID:
15522287
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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