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J Am Diet Assoc. 1992 Mar;92(3):313-8.

A food frequency questionnaire for adolescents: defining eating patterns.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans 70112-2865.


A self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was developed to indicate weekly consumption of 64 foods. Reliability, validity, and usefulness of the tool to define a protein eating pattern were determined. Adolescents (N = 1,108) completed the FFQ during the Bogalusa Heart Study. Two-hour and 2-week reliability measures demonstrated consistency of intake of specific foods. Frequency of foods obtained from seven consecutive 24-hour recalls was compared with frequency obtained from the FFQ. A mean 50% agreement for both frequency and quantity of food intake was observed. Geometric means showed differences in mean number of protein foods by age of adolescent but the only significant difference was for beef intake of 15-year-olds. White children reported more servings of beef, cheese, and vegetables with meat than did black children. Black children reported more servings of eggs, luncheon meat, pork, poultry, and total protein than did white children. Boys reported a greater frequency of total protein foods, specifically, eggs, milk, and poultry, than did girls. Significant correlations were noted between low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and intake of eggs and luncheon meat. We were able to quantitate the reliability and validity of the FFQ and to use it to explore the association of specific eating patterns with cardiovascular disease risk.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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