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Mamm Genome. 2004 Oct;15(10):809-18.

Comparative map between the domestic pig and dog.

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  • 1Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia.


Cross-species chromosome painting with probes derived from flow-sorted dog and human chromosomes was used to construct a high-resolution comparative map for the pig. In total 98 conserved autosomal segments between pig and dog were detected by probes specific for the 38 autosomes and X Chromosome of the dog. Further integration of our results with the published human--dog and cat--dog comparative maps, and with data from comparative gene mapping, increases the resolution of the current pig--human comparative map. It allows for the conserved syntenies detected in the pig, human, and cat to be aligned against the putative ancestral karyotype of eutherian mammals and for the history of karyotype evolution of the pig lineage to be reconstructed. Fifteen fusions, 17 fissions, and 23 inversions are required to convert the ancestral mammalian karyotype into the extant karyotype of the pig.

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