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Genes Dev. 2004 Nov 1;18(21):2596-601.

YY1 DNA binding and PcG recruitment requires CtBP.

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  • 1University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Biology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

We found that mammalian Polycomb group (PcG) protein YY1 can bind to Polycomb response elements in Drosophila embryos and can recruit other PcG proteins to DNA. PcG recruitment results in deacetylation and methylation of histone H3. In a CtBP mutant background, recruitment of PcG proteins and concomitant histone modifications do not occur. Surprisingly, YY1 DNA binding in vivo is also ablated. CtBP mutation does not result in YY1 degradation or transport from the nucleus, suggesting a mechanism whereby YY1 DNA binding ability is masked. These results reveal a new role for CtBP in controlling YY1 DNA binding and recruitment of PcG proteins to DNA.

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