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J Drug Target. 2004 Jun;12(5):257-64.

Liposomes modified with cyclic RGD peptide for tumor targeting.

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  • 1Drug Delivery Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Harisngh Gour University, Sagar, India.


Cyclic RGD peptide anchored sterically stabilized liposomes (RGD-SL) were investigated for selective and preferential presentation of carrier contents at angiogenic endothelial cells overexpressing alphavbeta3 integrins on and around tumor tissue and thus for assessing their targetabilty. Liposomes were prepared using distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC), cholesterol and distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine-polyethyleneglycol-RGD peptide conjugate (DSPE-PEG-RGD) in a molar ratio 56:39:5. The control RAD peptide anchored sterically stabilized liposomes (RAD-SL) and liposome with 5 mol% PEG (SL) without peptide conjugate which had similar lipid composition were used for comparison. The average size of all liposome preparations prepared was approximately 105 nm and maximum drug entrapment was 10.5+/- 1.1%. In vitro endothelial cell binding of liposomes exhibited 7-fold higher binding of RGD-SL to HUVEC in comparison to the SL and RAD-SL. Spontaneous lung metastasis and angiogenesis assays show that RGD peptide anchored liposomes are significantly (p<0.01) effective in the prevention of lung metastasis and angiogenesis compared to free 5-FU, SL and RAD-SL. In therapeutic experiments, 5-FU, SL, RGD-SL and RAD-SL were administered intravenously on day 4 at the dose of 10 mg 5-FU/kg body weight to B16F10 tumor bearing BALB/c mice resulting in effective regression of tumors compared with free 5-FU, SL and RAD-SL. Results indicate that cyclic RGD peptide anchored sterically stabilized liposomes bearing 5-FU are significantly (p<0.01) active against primary tumor and metastasis than the non-targeted sterically stabilized liposomes and free drug. Thus cyclic RGD peptide anchored sterically stabilized liposomes hold potential of targeted cancer chemotherapeutics.

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