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J Neurosci. 2004 Oct 27;24(43):9612-22.

Calcium release from presynaptic ryanodine-sensitive stores is required for long-term depression at hippocampal CA3-CA3 pyramidal neuron synapses.

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  • 1Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.


Although Ca2+ release from internal stores has been proposed to be important for the induction of long-term synaptic plasticity, the importance of Ca2+ stores localized in presynaptic terminals remains unclear. Here, we have selectively applied pharmacological antagonists to either the presynaptic or postsynaptic cell in paired whole-cell recordings from hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons in slice culture. We demonstrate directly the necessary role of presynaptic, but not postsynaptic, ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in the induction of NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-dependent long-term depression (LTD). Using two-photon laser scanning microscopy, we further find that release from the ryanodine-sensitive stores during prolonged synaptic stimulation generates a slowly rising Ca2+ signal in the presynaptic terminal that is required for the induction of LTD. Moreover, this form of LTD has a significant presynaptic component of expression because it causes a marked decrease in the rate of release from CA3 neuron presynaptic terminals of FM 1-43, a fluorescent probe of synaptic vesicle cycling. Thus, Ca2+ release from presynaptic ryanodine-sensitive stores is critical in the induction of a presynaptic component of NMDAR-dependent LTD.

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