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J Virol. 2004 Nov;78(22):12647-56.

Serotype-specific entry of dengue virus into liver cells: identification of the 37-kilodalton/67-kilodalton high-affinity laminin receptor as a dengue virus serotype 1 receptor.

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  • 1Molecular Pathology Laboratory, Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Mahidol University, 25/25 Phuttamontol Sai 4, Salaya, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand 73170.


Dengue virus, the causative agent of dengue fever, dengue shock syndrome, and dengue hemorrhagic fever, infects susceptible cells by initially binding to a receptor(s) located on the host cell surface. Evidence to date suggests that receptor usage may be cell and serotype specific, and this study sought to identify dengue virus serotype 1 binding proteins on the surface of liver cells, a known target organ. By using a virus overlay protein binding assay (VOPBA), in both nondenaturing and denaturing gel systems, a putative dengue virus serotype 1 binding protein of approximately 37 kDa expressed on the surface of liver (HepG2) cells was identified. Mass spectrometry analysis identified a candidate protein, the 37/67-kDa high-affinity laminin receptor. Entry of the dengue virus serotype 1 was significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by both antibodies directed against the 37/67-kDa high-affinity laminin receptor and soluble laminin. No inhibition of virus entry was seen with dengue virus serotypes 2, 3, or 4, demonstrating that the 37/67-kDa high-affinity laminin receptor is a serotype-specific receptor for dengue virus entry into liver cells.

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