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J Appl Psychol. 2004 Oct;89(5):822-34.

Complementary and supplementary fit: a theoretical and empirical integration.

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  • 1Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-3490, USA. dan_cable@unc.edu


Complementary and supplementary fit represent 2 distinct traditions within the person-environment fit paradigm. However, these traditions have progressed in parallel but separate streams. This article articulates the theoretical underpinnings of the 2 traditions, using psychological need fulfillment and value congruence as prototypes of each tradition. Using a sample of 963 adult employees ranging from laborers to executives, the authors test 3 alternative conceptual models that examine the complementary and supplementary traditions. Results show that an integrative model dominates the other two, such that both traditions simultaneously predict outcomes in different ways.

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