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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Nov 2;101(44):15766-71. Epub 2004 Oct 25.

Convergence of excitatory and inhibitory hair cell transmitters shapes vestibular afferent responses.

Author information

  • 1Departments of Neurology and Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. gay.holstein@mssm.edu

Abstract

The vestibular semicircular canals respond to angular acceleration that is integrated to angular velocity by the biofluid mechanics of the canals and is the primary origin of afferent responses encoding velocity. Surprisingly, some afferents actually report angular acceleration. Our data indicate that hair-cell/afferent synapses introduce a mathematical derivative in these afferents that partially cancels the biomechanical integration and results in discharge rates encoding angular acceleration. We examined the role of convergent synaptic inputs from hair cells to this mathematical differentiation. A significant reduction in the order of the differentiation was observed for low-frequency stimuli after gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor antagonist administration. Results demonstrate that gamma-aminobutyric acid participates in shaping the temporal dynamics of afferent responses.

PMID:
15505229
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC524830
Free PMC Article
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