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Clin Cancer Res. 2004 Oct 15;10(20):6796-806.

Variability in the degree of expression of phosphorylated IkappaBalpha in chronic lymphocytic leukemia cases with nodal involvement.

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  • 1Molecular Pathology Program, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncológicas, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Based on previous preliminary observations, we hypothesize that the molecular and clinical variability of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) reflects differences in the degree of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation, as determined by the expression of phosphorylated IkappaBalpha (p-IkappaBalpha).

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

The expression profile (mRNA and protein expression) was analyzed with the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas Oncochip, a cDNA microarray containing 6386 cancer-related genes, and a tissue microarray (TMA). The results were correlated with the IgV(H) mutational status, ZAP-70 expression, cytogenetic alterations, and clinical outcome.

RESULTS:

We found correlations between the presence of p-IkappaBalpha, a surrogate marker of NF-kappaB activation, and changes in the expression profile (mRNA and protein expression) and clinical outcome in a series of CLL cases with lymph node involvement. Activation of NF-kappaB, as determined by the expression of p-IkappaBalpha, was associated with the expression of a set of genes comprising key genes involved in the control of B-cell receptor signaling, signal transduction, and apoptosis, including SYK, LYN, BCL2, CCR7, BTK, PIK3CD, and others. Cases with increased expression of p-IkappaBalpha showed longer overall survival than cases with lower expression. A Cox regression model was derived to estimate some parameters of prognostic interest: IgV(H) mutational status, ZAP-70, and p-IkappaBalpha expression. The multivariate analysis disclosed p-IkappaBalpha and ZAP-70 expression as independent prognostic factors of survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

A variable degree of activation of NF-kappaB, as determined by the expression of p-IkappaBalpha, is an identifiable event in CLL, and is correlated with changes in the expression profile and overall survival.

PMID:
15501956
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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