Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 Mar;288(3):R737-41. Epub 2004 Oct 21.

Blood pressure power within frequency range approximately 0.4 Hz in rat conforms to self-similar scaling following spinal cord transection.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536-0298, USA. randall@uky.edu

Abstract

This study quantified the effect of interrupting the descending input to the sympathetic preganglionic neurons on the dynamic behavior of arterial blood pressure (BP) in the unanesthetized rat. BP was recorded for approximately 4-h intervals in six rats in the neurally intact state and in the same animals after complete spinal cord transection (SCT) between T(4) and T(5). In the intact state, power within the frequency range of 0.35-0.45 Hz was 1.53 +/- 0.38 mmHg(2)/Hz (mean +/- SD by fast Fourier transform). One week after SCT, power within this range decreased significantly (P < 0.05) to 0.43 +/- 0.62 mmHg(2)/Hz. To test for self-similarity before and after SCT, we analyzed data using a wavelet (i.e., functionally, a digital bandpass filter) tuned to be maximally sensitive to fluctuations with periods of approximately 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, or 64 s. In the control state, all fluctuations with periods of >/=4 s conformed to a "self-similar" (i.e., fractal) distribution. In marked contrast, the oscillations with a period of approximately 2 s (i.e., approximately 0.4 Hz) were significantly set apart from those at lower frequencies. One day and seven days after the complete SCT, however, the BP fluctuations at approximately 0.4 Hz now also conformed to the same self-similar behavior characteristic of the lower frequencies. We conclude that 1) an intact sympathetic nervous system endows that portion of the power spectrum centered around approximately 0.4 Hz with properties (e.g., a periodicity) that differ significantly from the self-similar behavior that characterizes the lower frequencies and 2) even within the relatively high frequency range at 0.4 Hz self-similarity is the "default" condition after sympathetic influences have been eliminated.

PMID:
15498964
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk