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Int J Oncol. 2004 Nov;25(5):1407-14.

Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-9 reduces in vitro invasion and angiogenesis in human microvascular endothelial cells.

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  • 1Program of Cancer Biology, Department of Biomedical and Therapeutic Sciences, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, Peoria, IL 61656, USA.

Abstract

The expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-9, is significantly increased during tumor progression and is thought to play a major role in mediating angiogenic process. Since microvasculature plays an important role in controlling tumor growth, we investigated the effects of MMP-9 inhibition on endothelial cell migration and tube formation, two determinants of angiogenesis. Adenoviral-mediated MMP-9 downregulation inhibited endothelial cell migration in cell wounding and spheroid migration assays. To determine the effects of MMP-9 reduction in glioblastoma/endothelial co-cultures, we used a three-dimensional co-culture assay of glioblastoma spheroids and endothelial spheroids. Untreated controls showed invasion of both cell populations into each other whereas treatment of the co-cultures with adenoviral antisense MMP-9 particles resulted in reduced invasion. Next, inhibition of MMP-9 by adenoviral vectors in endothelial cells was assessed for in vitro capillary-like structure formation either by co-culture with glioblastoma cells or exposure to glioblastoma-conditioned medium. Addition of conditioned medium from human glioblastoma cells to endothelial cells treated with antisense MMP-9 adenoviral vectors or co-cultures of glioblastoma cell lines with MMP-9-reduced endothelial cells resulted in reduced capillary-like tube formation demonstrating the key role of MMP-9 in endothelial cell network organization. Examination of in vitro capillary-like tube structure formation using Matrigel showed a significant decrease in MMP-9 downregulated endothelial cells as compared to controls. In conclusion, the inhibition of MMP-9 is required for inhibition of endothelial cell migration and tube formation and is likely to be of importance in cerebral angiogenesis for therapeutic targets.

PMID:
15492832
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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