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Mod Pathol. 2005 Mar;18(3):398-405.

Primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma shows a non-germinal center B-cell phenotype.

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  • 1Second Department of Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan. ysayaka@fmu.ac.jp

Abstract

Primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has a poor prognosis relative to other extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Recently, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has been subclassified as germinal center B-cell-like and nongerminal center B-cell types using tissue microarrays. The 5-year overall survival rate of the germinal center B-cell group is better than that of the nongerminal center B-cell group. To elucidate the reason for which primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has a poor clinical outcome, we investigated 15 patients with primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (stage IE; 13 cases, stage IIE; two cases) by immunohistochemistry using various markers including CD10, Bcl-6, MUM1 and MIB-1 and by molecular analysis of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene variable region. Immunohistochemistry showed 0/15 (positive cases/examined cases) for CD10, 5/15 for Bcl-6, 15/15 for MUM1, 10/15 for Bcl-2, 2/15 for CD5 and 4/15 for CD40. The expression pattern of CD10(-) MUM1(+) in primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma corresponded to the nongerminal center B-cell group. Moreover, the MIB-1 index was distributed from 60 to 95% with a mean of 79%, indicating a high proliferation of the lymphoma cells. The immunoglobulin heavy chain gene variable region of primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma had a mutation frequency of 1-10% (seven cases) and 0-1 additional mutations in ongoing mutation analysis (five cases). Primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma had characteristics of the nongerminal center B-cell group. In conclusion, primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has a nongerminal center B-cell phenotype and has a high MIB-1 index. These features might therefore be associated with poor prognosis.

PMID:
15492762
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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