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Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Oct 15;39(8):1104-12. Epub 2004 Sep 27.

Malaria in travelers: a review of the GeoSentinel surveillance network.

Author information

  • 1Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. karin.leder@med.monash.edu.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Malaria is a common and important infection in travelers.

METHODS:

We have examined data reported to the GeoSentinel surveillance network to highlight characteristics of malaria in travelers.

RESULTS:

A total of 1140 malaria cases were reported (60% of cases were due to Plasmodium falciparum, 24% were due to Plasmodium vivax). Male subjects constituted 69% of the study population. The median duration of travel was 34 days; however, 37% of subjects had a travel duration of < or =4 weeks. The majority of travellers did not have a pretravel encounter with a health care provider. Most cases occurred in travelers (39%) or immigrants/refugees (38%). The most common reasons for travel were to visit friends/relatives (35%) or for tourism (26%). Three-quarters of infections were acquired in sub-Saharan Africa. Severe and/or complicated malaria occurred in 33 cases, with 3 deaths. Compared with others in the GeoSentinel database, patients with malaria had traveled to sub-Saharan Africa more often, were more commonly visiting friends/relatives, had traveled for longer periods, presented sooner after return, were more likely to have a fever at presentation, and were less likely to have had a pretravel encounter. In contrast to immigrants and visitors of friends or relatives, a higher proportion (73%) of the missionary/volunteer group who developed malaria had a pretravel encounter with a health care provider. Travel to sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania was associated with the greatest relative risk of acquiring malaria.

CONCLUSIONS:

We have used a global database to identify patient and travel characteristics associated with malaria acquisition and characterized differences in patient type, destinations visited, travel duration, and malaria species acquired.

PMID:
15486832
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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