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Heredity (Edinb). 2005 Feb;94(2):207-16.

Inheritance of spontaneous mutant homostyles in Turnera subulata x krapovickasii and in autotetraploid T. scabra (Turneraceae).

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  • 1Department of Biology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


To explore the genetic architecture of distyly in Turnera spp., we determined the inheritance and compatibility behaviour of two spontaneous homostyled mutants. A long-homostyled mutant shoot arose on an otherwise short-styled plant that was an artificial hybrid (Turnera subulata x T. krapovickasii) between two diploid distylous species. The mutation appears to be an allele, SH, of the distyly locus with the dominance relationships, S>SH>s, where S confers the short-styled phenotype, SH confers homostyly in SHSH and SHs genotypes, and ss genotypes are long-styled. Aberrant segregation ratios were observed among some crosses and might be the result of pollen competition. Compatibility relationships are consistent with the hypothesis that a gene complex determines distyly. Infrequently, revertant short-styled flowers have appeared on cuttings of the T. subulata x T. krapovickasii mutant and on occasion, short-styled progeny have appeared in crosses where none were expected. A second mutant homostyle was discovered in autotetraploid T. scabra. The mutation is inherited as above, however, tetrasomic inheritance occurs at the locus. This homostyled mutant carries two copies of the SH allele and has the duplex genotype SHSHss. Compatibility relationships were as observed above. The occurrence of homostyled mutants is consistent with the hypothesis that a linked gene complex underlies the inheritance of distyly in Turnera but we cannot discount the hypothesis that an allelic series is responsible.

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