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J Pediatr. 2004 Oct;145(4):523-9.

Emotional quality-of-life and outcomes in adolescents with asthma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Examine the association between emotional quality-of-life (QOL) and asthma morbidity in adolescents with asthma.

STUDY DESIGN:

Cross-sectional survey of 185 adolescents with asthma 11 to 17 years of age cared for in three managed care organizations (MCOs) in the United States. The asthma-specific Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) and a short version of the generic Child Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE) were used to assess emotional QOL. Asthma morbidity measures were: asthma control, emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, doctor visits for worsening asthma, and missed school because of asthma.

RESULTS:

Of the adolescents surveyed, 45% reported feeling depressed, 41% had ED visits, and 30% missed >or=1 day of school because of asthma. Poorer asthma-specific emotional QOL was associated with poorer control of asthma symptoms ( P < .0001), missed school (OR 7.1, P < .05), and doctor visits for worsened asthma (OR = 7.0, P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Emotional symptoms related to asthma are common in adolescents with persistent asthma and asthma-specific QOL is related to increased asthma morbidity, healthcare use, and school absenteeism. Adolescents with high morbidity from asthma exhibit poorer QOL. Therefore, the evaluation of asthma-specific emotional QOL should be included in the assessment of adolescents with asthma.

PMID:
15480379
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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