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Am J Cardiol. 2004 Oct 15;94(8):1090-3.

Outcome and complications of retrievable inferior vena cava filters.

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  • 1St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital, Pontiac, Michigan 48341-3244, USA.


The results and risks of retrievable inferior vena cava filters were reviewed. Systematic review identified 6 prospective case series with broad ranges of indications for filters. In these case series, 4 different types of retrievable filters were inserted in 284 patients. The longest reported duration of insertion was 134 days. Among patients in whom percutaneous removal of the filter was attempted, the filter was successfully removed in 144 of 159 (91%). Surgery was necessary to remove the filter from 1 patient (1%), and filters could not be removed because of large trapped thrombi in 14 patients (9%).

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