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Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1992 Jan;99(1):18-22.

Normal amniotic pressure throughout gestation.

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  • 1Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, London.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize amniotic pressure (AP) in pregnancies with normal amniotic fluid volume.

DESIGN:

Observational study, mainly cross-sectional.

SETTING:

Fetal medicine unit within a tertiary referral hospital.

SUBJECTS:

Patients undergoing transamniotic invasive procedures in whom amniotic fluid volume was subjectively assessed as normal on ultrasound. Those beyond 16 weeks with a deepest vertical pool on ultrasound less than 3.0 or greater than 8.0 cm were excluded. Overall 194 pregnancies were studied on 232 occasions between 7 and 38 weeks gestation.

INTERVENTIONS:

Manometry readings referenced to the top of the maternal abdomen were obtained via a fluid-filled line from the needle hub and either connected to a pressure transducer (n = 190) or held vertically against a ruler (n = 42).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

AP in mm Hg, AP corrected for gestational age (z scores), semi-quantitative ultrasonic indices of amniotic fluid volume, clinical variables.

RESULTS:

AP in singleton pregnancies increased with advancing gestation (P less than 0.001), and the sigmoid-shaped regression curve plateaued in the mid-trimester. AP z scores were not influenced by volume-related phenomena such as twin gestation, the deepest vertical pool, or amniotic fluid index, nor by maternal age, parity, gravidity, fetal sex, or subsequent spontaneous preterm delivery.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that AP is not principally determined by intrauterine volume. We speculate that AP, which reflects change in uterine tension as a function of radius, may instead be determined by gestation-specific anatomical and hormonal influences on gravid uterine musculature. A reference range for AP has been constructed for use in amnioinfusion and amnioreduction procedures.

PMID:
1547165
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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