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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1992 Jan 31;30(4):419-29.

Neutrophil, glass-adherent, nitroblue tetrazolium assay gives early indication of immunization effectiveness in rainbow trout.

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  • 1U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Fish Health Research Laboratory, Kearneysville, WV 25430.


Neutrophil activity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is increased upon antigenic stimulation with the Yersinia ruckeri O-antigen bacterin. The characteristics of neutrophil attachment to glass and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) staining were used to determine the effectiveness of immunization programs with fingerling rainbow trout. Fish immunized by intraperitoneal injection with doses of 100, 10, or 1 microgram of the bacterin showed the highest responses in that order in numbers of glass adherent, NBT-positive neutrophils. Studies on the kinetics of the occurrence of numbers of glass-adherent, NBT-positive staining cells from the fish injected with the 10 micrograms dose showed the numbers of positive cells were largest on Day 2 after injection. The specific immune response was confirmed by demonstrating the presence of plaque-forming cells by the passive hemolytic plaque assay and the rise in humoral antibody titers by passive hemagglutination 12 days after injection. The effects of immunization in trout could be detected earlier by using the neutrophil glass adherence and NBT reduction assays than by using assays based on observations of the specific immune response.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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