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Nucl Med Biol. 2004 Oct;31(7):949-56.

Potential of [11C]TMSX for the evaluation of adenosine A2A receptors in the skeletal muscle by positron emission tomography.

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  • 1Positron Medical Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, 1-1 Naka-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0022, Japan. ishiwata@pet.tmig.or.jp


We examined the potential of [7-methyl-11C]-(E)-8-(3,4,5-trimethoxystyryl)-1,3,7-trimethylxanthine ([11C]TMSX) for the assessment of adenosine A2A receptors in muscle. In rodents, specific binding of [11C]TMSX was observed in muscle and heart by blockade with A2A-selective CSC and non-selective theophylline, but not with A1-selective DPCPX. Swimming exercise fluctuated radioligand-receptor binding in these tissues. In a PET study of two subjects, theophylline-infusion slightly deceased the distribution volume of [11C]TMSX in the heart (20% reduction) and muscle (10% reduction), which suggested the specific binding.

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