Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Photochem Photobiol. 2005 Jan-Feb;81(1):145-8.

Oxidation potentials of human eumelanosomes and pheomelanosomes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.

Abstract

Eumelanosomes and pheomelanosomes isolated from black and red human hair, respectively, were studied by photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM). PEEM images were collected at various wavelengths between 207 and 344 nm, using the spontaneous emission output of the Duke OK-4 free electron laser (FEL). Analysis of the FEL-PEEM data revealed ionization thresholds of 4.6 and 3.9 eV corresponding to oxidation potentials of -0.2 and +0.5 V vs normal hydrogen electrode for eumelanosomes and pheomelanosomes, respectively. The difference in oxidation potential is attributed to the pigment content of the melanosome, namely whether it contains primarily eumelanin and pheomelanin. The effect of added melanosomes on the reduction of Fe(III)-cytochrome showed pheomelanosomes are stronger reducing agents than eumelanosomes, consistent with the measured oxidation potentials. The FEL-PEEM experiment offers to be an important new approach for quantifying the effects of age, oxidation and metal accumulation on the oxidation potentials of intact melanosomes.

PMID:
15458368
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk