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Opt Lett. 2004 Sep 1;29(17):2049-51.

Two-dimensional higher-band vortex lattice solitons.

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  • 1Department of Physics and Solid State Institute, Technion, Haifa 32000, Israel.


We study self-localized second-band vortex states in two-dimensional photonic lattices and find stable ring solitons whose phase forms an array of counterrotating vortices. We also identify composite solitons in which a second-band vortex is jointly trapped with a mode arising from the first band and study their stability. When such a composite entity is unstable, it disintegrates while exchanging angular momentum between its constituents, eventually stabilizing into another form of composite soliton.

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