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J Biol Chem. 2004 Nov 26;279(48):49973-81. Epub 2004 Sep 22.

Purification of active TFIID from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Extensive promoter contacts and co-activator function.

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  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

The basal transcription factor TFIID is composed of the TATA-binding protein (TBP) and 14 TBP-associated factors (TAFs). Although TBP alone binds to the TATA box of DNA and supports basal transcription, the TAFs have essential functions that remain poorly defined. In order to study its properties, TFIID was purified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae using a newly developed affinity tag. Analysis of the final elution by mass spectrometry confirms the presence of all the known TAFs and TBP, as well as Rsp5, Bul1, Ubp3, Bre5, Cka1, and Cka2. Both Taf1 and Taf5 are ubiquitinated, and the ubiquitination pattern of TFIID changes when BUL1 or BRE5 is deleted. Purified TFIID binds specifically to promoter DNA in a manner stabilized by TFIIA, and these complexes can be analyzed by native gel electrophoresis. Phenanthroline-copper footprinting and photoaffinity cross-linking indicate that TFIID makes extensive contacts upstream and downstream of the TATA box. TFIID supports basal transcription and activated transcription, both of which are enhanced by TFIIA.

PMID:
15448131
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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