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Dig Dis Sci. 2004 Aug;49(7-8):1128-35.

Double-peaked high-pressure zone at the esophagogastric junction in controls and in patients with a hiatal hernia: a study using high-resolution manometry.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Sint Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.


The lower esophageal high-pressure zone (HPZ) consists of the intrinsic lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the diaphragmatic sphincter. In patients with a hiatal hernia these constituents are separated. We performed high-resolution manometry of the esophagogastric HPZ in six controls, six patients with a small hernia, and six patients with a large hernia. Prevalence of a double-peak pressure profile of the HPZ was noted. Pressures and distances between the peaks were assessed. Prevalence of the double-peak profile was similar between patients with a small hernia and controls, but patients with a large hernia showed a higher prevalence with inspiration (P < 0.05) than the others. The distance between the two peaks was larger in patients with a large hernia (P < 0.05). In conclusion, high-resolution manometry makes it possible to distinguish the diaphragmatic pressure component from the LES. Two pressure peaks can be found both in hernia patients and in healthy volunteers.

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