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Ann Surg. 2004 Oct;240(4):686-95; discussion 695-7.

The impact of chemotherapy on the survival of patients with high-grade primary extremity liposarcoma.

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  • 1Departments of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if chemotherapy offers a survival benefit to patients with large, high-grade, primary extremity liposarcoma.

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:

The impact of chemotherapy on the survival of patients with primary extremity soft tissue sarcoma is controversial and its effect on individual histologic subtypes is not defined.

PATIENT AND METHODS:

Two prospectively collected sarcoma databases were used to identify all patients with >5 cm, high-grade, primary extremity liposarcoma that underwent surgical treatment of cure from 1975 to 2003 (n = 245). Clinical, pathologic and treatment variables were analyzed for disease-specific survival (DSS), distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS) and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS).

RESULTS:

Sixty-three (26%) patients were treated with ifosfamide based chemotherapy (IF), 83 (34%) with doxorubicin based chemotherapy (DOX) and 99 (40%) received no chemotherapy (NoC). To assess the impact of DOX, a contemporary cohort analysis of patients treated from 1975 to 1990 was performed. The 5 year DSS of the DOX treated patients was 64% (53%-74%) compared with 56% (51%-79%) for the NoC patients (log-rank P value = 0.28). To assess the impact of IF, a contemporary cohort analysis of patients treated from 1990 to 2003 was performed. The 5 year DSS of the IF treated patients was 92% (84%-100%) compared with 65% (51%-79%) for the NoC patients (log-rank P value = 0.0003). Independent prognostic factors for improved DSS were smaller size (HR = 0.7, P = 0.01), myxoid/round cell histologic subtype (HR = 0.3, P = 0.03) and treatment with IF (HR = 0.3, P = 0.01). The five-year DRFS of the IF treated patients was 81% (70%-92%) compared with 63% (50%-76%) for the NoC patients (log-rank P value = 0.02). The 5 year LRFS of the IF treated patients was 86% (76%-96%) compared with 87% (77%-97%) for the NoC patients (log-rank P value = 0.99).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with large, high-grade, primary extremity liposarcoma; DOX is not associated with improved DSS and IF is associated with an improved DSS. Treatment with IF should be considered in patients with high-risk primary extremity liposarcoma.

PMID:
15383796
PMCID:
PMC1356470
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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