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BJOG. 2004 Oct;111(10):1059-64.

Rectal analgesia for the relief of perineal pain after childbirth: a randomised controlled trial of diclofenac suppositories.

Author information

  • 1Maternal and Perinatal Clinical Trials Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate rectal diclofenac in the relief of perineal pain after trauma during childbirth.

DESIGN:

A randomised, double-blind trial.

SETTING:

Delivery Suite, Women's and Children's Hospital, South Australia.

POPULATION:

Women with a second-degree (or greater) perineal tear or episiotomy.

METHODS:

Women were randomly allocated to either diclofenac or placebo suppositories (Anusol), using a computer-generated randomisation schedule with stratification for parity and mode of birth. Treatment packs contained two x 100 mg diclofenac or two placebo suppositories, the first being inserted when suturing was complete, and the second 12-24 hours after birth. Women were asked to complete questionnaires at 24 and 48 hours after birth relating to their degree of perineal pain using the validated Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Pain scores at 24 and 48 hours after birth.

RESULTS:

A total of 133 women were recruited, with 67 randomised to diclofenac suppositories and 66 to placebo. Women in the diclofenac group were significantly less likely to experience pain at 24 hours while walking (RR 0.8; 95% CI 0.6 to 1.0), sitting (RR 0.8; 95% CI 0.6 to 1.0), passing urine (RR 0.6; 95% CI 0.4 to 1.0) and on opening their bowels (RR 0.6; 95% CI 0.2 to 0.9) compared with those women who received placebo. These differences were not sustained 48 hours after birth.

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug suppositories is a simple, effective and safe method of reducing the pain experienced by women following perineal trauma within the first 24 hours after childbirth.

PMID:
15383107
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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