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J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Sep 29;126(38):11870-6.

Thermodynamics of binding of D-galactose and deoxy derivatives thereof to the L-arabinose-binding protein.

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  • 1Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Abstract

We report the thermodynamics of binding of d-galactose and deoxy derivatives thereof to the arabinose binding protein (ABP). The "intrinsic" (solute-solute) free energy of binding DeltaG degrees (int) at 308 K for the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 6-hydroxyl groups of galactose is remarkably constant (approximately -30 kJ/mol), despite the fact that each hydroxyl group subtends different numbers of hydrogen bonds in the complex. The substantially unfavorable enthalpy of binding (approximately 30 kJ/mol) of 1-deoxygalactose, 2-deoxygalactose, and 3-deoxygalactose in comparison with galactose, cannot be readily accounted for by differences in solvation, suggesting that solute-solute hydrogen bonds are enthalpically significantly more favorable than solute-solvent hydrogen bonds. In contrast, the substantially higher affinity for 2-deoxygalactose in comparison with either 1-deoxygalactose or 3-deoxygalactose derives from differences in the solvation free energies of the free ligands.

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