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Phytochemistry. 2004 Sep;65(17):2447-53.

Enzymatic formation of long-chain polyketide pyrones by plant type III polyketide synthases.

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  • 1School of Pharmaceutical Sciences and the 21st Century COE Program, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan.


Recombinant chalcone synthase (CHS) from Scutellaria baicalensis and stilbene synthase (STS) from Arachis hypogaea accepted CoA esters of long-chain fatty acid (CHS up to the C12 ester, while STS up to the C14 ester) as a starter substrate, and carried out sequential condensations with malonyl-CoA, leading to formation of triketide and tetraketide alpha-pyrones. Interestingly, the C6, C8, and C10 esters were kinetically favored by the enzymes over the physiological starter substrate; the kcat/KM values were 1.2- to 1.9-fold higher than that of p-coumaroyl-CoA. The catalytic diversities of the enzymes provided further mechanistic insights into the type III PKS reactions, and suggested involvement of the CHS-superfamily enzymes in the biosynthesis of long-chain alkyl polyphenols such as urushiol and ginkgolic acid in plants.

Copyright 2004 Elsevier Ltd.

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