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Effect of prostaglandins against alloxan-induced cytotoxicity to insulin secreting insulinoma RIN cells in vitro.

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  • 1UND Life Sciences, 1083 Main Street, Walpole, MA 02081, USA.


In the present study, we studied the effect of various prostaglandins (PGs) on alloxan-induced cytotoxicity to rat insulinoma (RIN) cells. Of all the PGs tested, PGE(1), PGE(2), PGI(2), PGF(1 alpha), and PGF(3 alpha) protected RIN cells from alloxan-induced cytotoxicity (P<0.05 compared to alloxan), whereas thromboxane B(2) and 6-keto-PGF(1 alpha) were not effective. PGE(1) induces a statistically significant increase in the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase and decrease in lipid peroxides in alloxan-treated RIN cells (P<0.001). PGE(1) restored nitric oxide/lipid peroxide ratio to normalcy, suggesting that PGE(1) suppresses oxidant stress induced by alloxan in RIN cells in vitro. Furthermore, PGE(1) prevented DNA damage and apoptosis induced by alloxan. These results indicate that PGE(1) prevents alloxan-induced cytotoxicity to RIN cells in vitro.

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