Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below

The MAPK/JNK signalling pathway offers potential therapeutic targets for the prevention of acquired deafness.

Author information

  • 1Université de Montpellier I, INSERM U.583, Physiopathologie et Thérapie des déficits sensoriels et moteurs, 34090, France.


The c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) are also called stress activated protein kinases (SAPKs) and are members of the family of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs). While the functions of the JNKs under physiological conditions are diverse and not completely understood, there is increasing evidence that JNKs are potent effectors of apoptosis of oxidative stress-damaged cells in both the brain and the mammalian inner ear following a trauma. The activation of the inducible transcription factor c-Jun by N-terminal phosphorylation is a central event in JNK-mediated apoptosis of oxidative stress-damaged auditory hair cells following exposure to either acoustic trauma or a toxic level of an aminoglycoside antibiotic and also the apoptosis of auditory neurons as a consequence of a loss of the trophic support provided by the auditory hair cells. In this review, we summarise what is known about the expression and activation of G-proteins, JNKs, c-Jun and c-Fos under oxidative stress conditions within the mammalian cochlea. A particular focus is put on a new peptide conjugate that is a promising protective agent(s) and pharmacological strategies for preventing cochlear damage induced by both acoustic trauma and aminoglycoside ototoxic damage.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk