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J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Aug;17(8):1055-61.

Parental obesity and higher pre-intervention BMI reduce the likelihood of a multidisciplinary childhood obesity program to succeed--a clinical observation.

Author information

  • 1Child Health and Sports Center, Pediatric Department, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel. eliakim@internet-zahav.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effects and identify factors associated with success of a combined, structured multidisciplinary weight management program in obese children and adolescents.

METHODS:

Seventy-seven obese children (age 6-16 years) participated in a 12-month combined dietary-behavioral-exercise intervention. Thirty-seven (age and maturity comparable) obese children who did not participate in the structured program served as controls. Body weight, BMI, and BMI percentiles were measured at baseline, after 6 months, and at the end of the intervention.

RESULTS:

The combined intervention was associated with a significant decrease in BMI (from 25.9+/-0.4 to 24.5+/-0.4 kg/m2, p <0.0005) and BMI percentile (from 97.3+/-0.2% to 92.6+/-0.9%, p <0.0005). In contrast, obese children who did not participate in the structured program gained weight (from 51.4+/-3.6 to 57.7+/-3.7 kg, p <0.0005), increased their BMI (from 25.2+/-1.0 to 26.6+/-0.9 kg/m2, p <0.0005), and had a non-significant increase in BMI percentiles (from 94.9+/-0.8% to 95.4+/-0.9%, NS). Children with higher BMI percentiles and parental overweight tended to respond less favorably to the combined multidisciplinary program (p <0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

A prolonged (12 mo), combined, structured multidisciplinary intervention for childhood obesity resulted in a significant decrease in BMI and BMI percentiles. Higher pre-intervention BMI percentiles and parental obesity were associated with less favorable responses to the combined intervention.

PMID:
15379415
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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