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J Rehabil Med. 2004 Jul;36(4):165-8.

Energy expenditure in stroke subjects walking with a carbon composite ankle foot orthosis.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Neuroscience - Rehabilitation Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.



To measure walking speed and energy cost in patients with prior stroke with and without a carbon composite ankle foot orthosis.


Within-group comparisons of 2 walking conditions.


Convenience sample of 10 hemiparetic patients with a stroke at least 6 months earlier (average age 52 years) habituated to a carbon composite ankle foot orthosis.


Subjects walked on a treadmill at self-selected speed both with and without ankle foot orthosis for 5 minutes on each occasion. Energy expenditure was measured by breath-by-breath analysis and electrocardiography. Main outcome measures were walking speed, oxygen consumption, heart rate and energy cost per metre.


Walking speed: without ankle foot orthosis 0.27 (SEM +/- 0.03) m/s, with 0.34 (+/- 0.06) m/s, difference 20%. Oxygen consumption: without ankle foot orthosis 8.6 (+/- 0.4) ml/kg/min, with 8.8 (+/- 0.5) ml/kg/min. Energy cost: without ankle foot orthosis 0.58 (+/- 0.07) ml/kg/m, with 0.51 (+/- 0.06) ml/kg/m, difference 12%.


Use of a carbon composite ankle foot orthosis in patients with stroke may increase speed and decrease energy cost during walking.

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