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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jul;39(7):621-8.

Treatment of ECL cell carcinoids with octreotide LAR.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Children's and Women's Health, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and hypergastrinaemia are at risk of developing hyperplasia of the enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells and ECL-cell-derived tumours. The effect of the somatostatin analogue octreotide on ECL cell carcinoids is examined.

METHODS:

Five patients with hypergastrinaemia and ECL cell carcinoids were enrolled in a 1-year study of octreotide LAR (long-acting release) 20 mg given at monthly intervals. Biopsies from tumours and from flat oxyntic mucosa were done at the start and 3, 6 and 12 months thereafter. Sections were stained with haematoxylin-erythrosin, immunostained with chromogranin A (CgA) and doublestained with CgA and Ki-67. Serum gastrin and CgA were measured.

RESULTS:

The number of visible tumours was reduced by more than 50 %. Sections from both tumours and flat mucosa showed a reduced number of CgA immunoreactive cells. Mean serum gastrin decreased from 421 to 186 pM (normal <40 pM); P > 0.05, and serum CgA from 73 to 25 ng/ml (normal < 30 ng/ml); P < 0.001.

CONCLUSIONS:

During treatment the patients were still markedly hypergastrinaemic, whereas the serum CgA showed normalization. A diminished tumour load and reduced ECL cell density were found, indicating an antiproliferative effect of octreotide directly on the ECL cells.

PMID:
15370681
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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