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Plant Cell. 2004 Oct;16(10):2586-600. Epub 2004 Sep 14.

HANABA TARANU is a GATA transcription factor that regulates shoot apical meristem and flower development in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA. zhaoyx@caltech.edu <zhaoyx@caltech.edu>

Abstract

We have isolated a new mutant, hanaba taranu (han), which affects both flower and shoot apical meristem (SAM) development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mutants have fused sepals and reduced organ numbers in all four whorls, especially in the 2nd (petal) and 3rd (stamen) whorls. han meristems can become flatter or smaller than in the wild type. HAN encodes a GATA-3-like transcription factor with a single zinc finger domain. HAN is transcribed at the boundaries between the meristem and its newly initiated organ primordia and at the boundaries between different floral whorls. It is also expressed in vascular tissues, developing ovules and stamens, and in the embryo. han interacts strongly with clavata (clv) mutations (clv1, clv2, and clv3), resulting in highly fasciated SAMs, and we find that WUS expression is altered in han mutants from early embryogenesis. In addition, HAN is ectopically expressed both in clv1 and clv3 mutants. We propose that HAN is normally required for establishing organ boundaries in shoots and flowers and for controlling the number and position of WUS-expressing cells. Ectopic HAN expression causes growth retardation, aberrant cell division patterns, and loss of meristem activity, suggesting that HAN is involved in controlling cell proliferation and differentiation.

PMID:
15367721
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC520957
Free PMC Article
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