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Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004 Oct;8(5):355-63.

The relationship of temporomandibular disorders and fibromyalgia: implications for diagnosis and treatment.

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  • 1Department of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, 6-320 Moos Tower, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.


Although most cases of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are mild and self-limiting, approximately 10% of patients develop severe disorders associated with chronic pain. It has been found that the widespread pain, depression, and sleep disorders associated with fibromyalgia (FM) may play a significant role in the chronicity of patients with TMD. This paper reviews the characteristics and relationship between TMD and FM and discusses how the similar mechanisms and diagnostic and treatment strategies for both disorders suggest that there is a close relationship between them.

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