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Leukemia. 2004 Oct;18(10):1722-6.

Variable frequencies of MALT lymphoma-associated genetic aberrations in MALT lymphomas of different sites.

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  • 1Institute of Pathology, Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


Although several recurrent genetic aberrations are known to occur in MALT lymphoma, no comprehensive study on the most prevalent MALT lymphoma-associated genetic aberrations is available. We therefore screened 252 primary MALT lymphomas for translocations t(11;18)(q21;q21), t(14;18)(q32;q21), and t(1;14)(p22;q32), and trisomies 3 and 18. The above-listed translocations occurred mutually exclusively and were detected overall in 13.5, 10.8, and 1.6% of the cases; trisomy 3 and/or 18 occurred in 42.1%. The frequency at which the translocations occurred varied markedly with the primary site of disease. The t(11;18)(q21;q21) was mainly detected in pulmonary and gastric tumors, whereas the t(14;18)(q32;q21) was most commonly found in lesions of the ocular adnexa/orbit, skin, and salivary glands. Trisomies 3 and 18 each occurred most frequently in intestinal and salivary gland MALT lymphomas. Our results demonstrate that the three translocations and trisomies 3 and 18 occur at markedly variable frequencies in MALT lymphoma of different sites.

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