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Clin Cancer Res. 2004 Sep 1;10(17):5808-14.

Prognostic value of combined "triple"-reverse transcription-PCR analysis for prostate-specific antigen, human kallikrein 2, and prostate-specific membrane antigen mRNA in peripheral blood and lymph nodes of prostate cancer patients.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Philipps-University, Marburg, Germany. rkurek@gmx.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We present the largest study of both peripheral blood and lymph node samples examining the utility of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for established molecular markers as a diagnostic tool in the molecular staging of prostate cancer patients undergoing radical prostatectomy.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Peripheral blood from 358 patients was obtained before radical prostatectomy. Corresponding obturatory lymph node samples were collected from 153 of these patients. Nested RT-PCR for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), human kallikrein 2 (hK2), and prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) were performed on cDNA from peripheral blood. The lymph node cDNA was analyzed for PSA und hK2 expression.

RESULTS:

RT-PCR in peripheral blood was positive in 124 (34.6%) of 358 samples for PSA, 215 (60.1%) of 358 for PSMA, and 97 (27.1%) of 358 for hK2. Comparison of positive RT-PCR rates of pT(2) and pT(3) tumors in corresponding peripheral blood for PSA, PSMA, and hK2 were 31.9 and 40.0%, 58.8 and 62.5%, and 26.9 and 27.5%, respectively. Histopathologically, cancer-free lymph node samples were positive in RT-PCR for PSA and hK2 in 70 (49.6%) of 141 and 89 (63.2%) of 141 of cases. All histologically positive lymph node samples (n = 12, pN+) were positive for PSA RT-PCR. PSA RT-PCR alone, as well as combined PSA/PSMA RT-PCR evaluation, in peripheral blood showed a significant association with grading. PSA RT-PCR lymph node-negative samples were significantly less likely positive in their corresponding peripheral blood RT-PCR sample.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although the preoperative PSA RT-PCR in peripheral blood correlated with the grading of prostate cancer, no combination of RT-PCR results using "triple" markers (PSA, hK2, PSMA) in peripheral blood and/or lymph nodes yielded additional preoperative staging information.

PMID:
15355910
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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