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BMJ. 2004 Sep 11;329(7466):602. Epub 2004 Sep 2.

Re-engineering systems for the treatment of depression in primary care: cluster randomised controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Dartmouth Medical School, HB 7250, Hanover, NH 03755, USA. allen.j.dietrich@dartmouth.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the effectiveness of an evidence based model for management of depression in primary care with support from quality improvement resources.

DESIGN:

Cluster randomised controlled trial.

SETTING:

Five healthcare organisations in the United States and 60 affiliated practices.

PATIENTS:

405 patients, aged > or = 18 years, starting or changing treatment for depression.

INTERVENTION:

Care provided by clinicians, with staff providing telephone support under supervision from a psychiatrist.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Severity of depression at three and six months (Hopkins symptom checklist-20): response to treatment (> or = 50% decrease in scores) and remission (score of < 0.5).

RESULTS:

At six months, 60% (106 of 177) of patients in intervention practices had responded to treatment compared with 47% (68 of 146) of patients in usual care practices (P = 0.02). At six months, 37% of intervention patients showed remission compared with 27% for usual care patients (P = 0.014). 90% of intervention patients rated their depression care as good or excellent at six months compared with 75% of usual care patients (P = 0.0003).

CONCLUSION:

Resources such as quality improvement programmes can be used effectively in primary care to implement evidence based management of depression and improve outcomes for patients with depression.

Comment in

PMID:
15345600
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC516659
Free PMC Article
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