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Cancer Res. 2004 Sep 1;64(17):6050-7.

Hath1, down-regulated in colon adenocarcinomas, inhibits proliferation and tumorigenesis of colon cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Oncology, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080, USA.


A striking feature of colon tumors is the significant reduction of goblet cells. Although targeted deletion of Math1 in mice leads to a loss of intestinal secretory cells, including goblet cells, the role of Hath1 in colon tumorigenesis remains unknown. Here we report that Hath1, the human ortholog of Math1, was dramatically down-regulated in colon tumor samples and colon cancer cell lines. Overexpression of Hath1 in HT29, an aggressive colon cancer cell line, resulted in a significant inhibition on cell proliferation, anchorage-independent growth in soft agar and, more importantly, growth of human colon cancer cell xenografts in athymic nude mice. Such inhibition was accompanied by altered expression of a goblet cell differentiation marker, MUC2, and cell cycle regulators cyclin D1 and p27kip1. Hath1 expression also was up-regulated on inhibition of the Wnt pathway, which has been well implicated in colon tumorigenesis. Hence, this study suggests that Hath1 may be a novel factor downstream of the Wnt pathway capable of suppressing anchorage-independent growth of colon cancer cell lines. More importantly, this study is the first to establish a link between down-regulation of Hath1 expression and colon tumorigenesis.

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