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J Nutr Elder. 2004;24(1):19-34.

Nutrition risk screening: the interrelationship of food insecurity, food intake, and unintentional weight change among homebound elders.

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  • 1School of Rural Public Health, Texas A & M University Health Science Center, College Station, TX, 77840, USA.


Nutrition risk screening is a key component of the homedelivered meals program. To examine direct and indirect relationships among individual components of nutrition risk, path analysis was conducted on routinely collected data from 908 homebound elders who received home-delivered meals. The good fit of the model revealed that specific nutrition risk factors and indicators of nutritional risk were directly and indirectly associated with meal frequency and unintended weight change. With the heightened vulnerability for poor nutritional health among homebound elders who report food insecurity, policymakers and service providers should strengthen efforts to target individual components of nutrition risk rather than aggregate scores or categorical measures.

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