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Am J Public Health. 2004 Sep;94(9):1574-9.

Urban sprawl and risk for being overweight or obese.

Author information

  • Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA. rptlopez@bu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

I examined the association between urban sprawl and the risk for being overweight or obese among US adults.

METHODS:

A measure of urban sprawl in metropolitan areas was derived from the 2000 US Census; individual-level data were obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. I used multilevel analysis to assess the association between urban sprawl and obesity.

RESULTS:

After I controlled for gender, age, race/ethnicity, income, and education, for each 1-point rise in the urban sprawl index (0-100 scale), the risk for being overweight increased by 0.2% and the risk for being obese increased by 0.5%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current obesity epidemic has many causes, but there is an association between urban sprawl and obesity.

PMID:
15333317
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1448496
Free PMC Article
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