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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004 Oct;24(10):1942-50. Epub 2004 Aug 26.

Low-density lipoprotein particle size loci in familial combined hyperlipidemia: evidence for multiple loci from a genome scan.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.



Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size is associated with vascular disease and with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL).


We used logarithm of odds (lod) score and Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) linkage analysis methods to perform a 10-cM genome scan of LDL size, measured as peak particle diameter (PPD) and adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, and triglycerides in 4 large families with FCHL (n=185). We identified significant evidence of linkage to a chromosome 9p locus (multipoint lod(max)=3.70; MCMC intensity ratio [IR]=21) in a single family, and across all 4 families to chromosomes 16q23 (lod(max)=3.00; IR=43) near cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and to 11q22 (lod(max)=3.71; IR=120). Chromosome 14q24-31, a region with previous suggestive LDL PPD linkage evidence, yielded an IR of 71 but an lod(max)=1.79 in the combined families.


These results of significant evidence of linkage to 3 regions (9p, 16q, and 11q) and confirmatory support of previous reported linkage to 14q in large FCHL pedigrees demonstrate that LDL size is a trait influenced by multiple loci and illustrate the complementary use of lod score and MCMC methods in analysis of a complex trait.

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