Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Neurology. 2004 Aug 24;63(4):674-7.

Outcomes of newly referred neurology outpatients with depression and pain.

Author information

  • 1Roudebush VAMC HSR&D 11H, 1481 West 10th Street, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. lwilliams@hsrd.va.iupui.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although depression and pain are common in neurology outpatients, patient factors influencing chronicity are poorly understood. The authors sought to determine the predictors of persistent depression and pain symptoms at 3 and 12 months after an initial outpatient neurology clinic visit.

METHODS:

Consecutive new patients (n = 483) at three clinics completed the Patient Health Questionnaire nine-item depression scale and the Brief Pain Inventory at baseline and at 3- and 12-month follow-up. Multivariate analysis was used to model 3- and 12-month depression and pain severity.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of depression and pain at baseline/3/12 months was depression 33%/28%/27% and pain 66%/61%/62%. Independent predictors of depression severity at follow-up were more severe depression and pain at baseline and less improvement in pain (model r(2) = 0.53 to 0.56). Independent predictors of pain intensity at follow-up were more severe pain and depression at baseline and less improvement in depression (model r(2) = 0.44 to 0.46). Health care utilization and impairments in health status were greatest in patients with coexisting depression and pain and least in those with neither depression nor pain.

CONCLUSIONS:

Depression and pain symptoms in neurology outpatients often persist for at least 12 months and have long-term negative effects on patients' health status. Pain is more likely to persist in patients with depression, and depression is more likely to persist in those with coexistent pain.

PMID:
15326241
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk